Democratic Republic of Congo
Artisanal mining in the DRC has had a long history of widespread economic importance. In the 1980s, artisanal miners primarily focused on diamonds, but during the 1990s increases in demand for tantalum, tin and tungsten fueled further diversification of the sector. Today, artisanal mining has extend its activity to gold, cobalt and copper. The country has received significant attention from the international community in the forms of legislative action and due diligence programs seeking to support the sector's development as well as respond to the range of political, economic and social challenges in DRC.