2020 State of the ASM Sector Report Learn about artisanal and small-scale mining's contribution to Sustainable Development Goal 8 in our new report

The hazardous nature of small scale underground mining in Ghana

Small scale mining continues to contribute significantly to the growth of Ghana's economy. However, the sector poses serious dangers to human health and the environment. Ground failures resulting from poorly supported stopes have led to injuries and fatalities in recent times. Dust and fumes from drilling and blasting of ore present health threats due to poor ventilation. Four prominent small scale underground mines were studied to identify the safety issues associated with small scale underground mining in Ghana. It is recognized that small scale underground mining in Ghana is inundated with unsafe acts and conditions including stope collapse, improper choice of working tools, absence of personal protective equipment and land degradation. Inadequate monitoring of the operations and lack of regulatory enforcement by the Minerals Commission of Ghana are major contributing factors to the environmental, safety and national security issues of the operations.

Additional Info

K J Bansah, A B Yalley, N Dumakor-Dupey
Publication Year
Associated Partners
Missouri University of Science and Technology, University of Mines and Technology, Safety & Environmental Research Consultancy
Publishing Institution Webpage
Data Source Classification
Academic Study
Research Type
Research Methodology
Thematic Tags
Social, Health and Safety, Labor and Working Conditions, Livelihoods, Technological, Equipment, Extraction, Processing, Legal, Laws and Regulations, Mineral Rights, Environmental, Land, Mercury, Water
Diamond, Gold
East Asia & Pacific, South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa
China, Ghana, Indonesia, South Africa
Last Updated
June 29, 2022