2020 State of the ASM Sector Report Learn about artisanal and small-scale mining's contribution to Sustainable Development Goal 8 in our new report

Mining, Formalization and Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

This chapter explores the relationship between mining and SDG16 on peace, justice and strong and inclusive institutions. Given that the lion’s share of security concerns associated with mining revolve around the – largely informal – ASM subsector, the chapter focuses specifically on ASM. Using ASM formalization as a framework of natural resource governance, it examines both its current and potential positive and negative contributions to the global realization of SDG16 and its various dimensions. Moving beyond narratives of ‘conflict minerals’, this chapter argues that ASM formalization needs to be understood and prioritized as an integral part of peacebuilding, state-building and post-conflict reconstruction processes in conflict-affected and high-risk areas (CAHRAs), and beyond.

Additional Info

Jorden De Haan
Publication Year
Publishing Institution Webpage
Data Source Classification
Academic Study
Research Type
Research Methodology
Not Stated
Thematic Tags
Political, Conflict, Due Diligence, Traceability, and Transparency, Formalization, Governance, Supply Chains, Economic, Government Revenue, Social, Community, Employment, Gender, Human Rights, Livelihoods, Modern Slavery, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence, Legal, Land Rights, Laws and Regulations, Licensing, Mineral Rights, Tax
3T Mineral (Mixed), 3Ts, Cobalt, Coltan, Copper, Development Minerals, Diamond, Gemstones, Gold, Jade
Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone
Last Updated
November 27, 2020