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'What is legal?' Formalising artisanal and small-scale mining in Colombia

This paper assesses Colombia's formalisation processes (up to 2014), analysing the barriers to formalisation for artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) and offering approaches to overcome them. It highlights the urgent need to formalise Colombia’s mining sector as positive drivers align for change: the government’s 2013 formalisation policy; evolving relationships between ASM and large-scale mining; global drivers such as mercury elimination, conflict-free mineral sourcing and investment in traceable certified gold; and the peace negotiations currently underway to end more than 50 years of armed conflict, of which formalisation of ASM is a key component. (adapted from IIED publication)

Additional Info

Author(s)
Publication Year
2014
Associated Partners
ARM - Alliance for Responsible Mining
Language
English, Spanish
Publishing Institution Webpage
https://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/16565IIED.pdf
Data Source Classification
Academic Study
Research Type
Both
Research Methodology
Primary - INTERVIEW, Primary - OBSERVATION, Secondary - PREVIOUS RESEARCH, Secondary - OFFICIAL STATISTICS
Thematic Tags
Political, Certification, Conflict, Due Diligence, Traceability, and Transparency, Formalization, Large-scale Mining, Supply Chains, Economic, Access to Markets, Business Models, Export, Market Linkages, Value Addition, Social, Community, Employment, Gender, Human Rights, Labor and Working Conditions, Livelihoods, Legal, Land Rights, Laws and Regulations, Licensing, Mineral Rights, Tax, Environmental, Cyanide, Deforestation, Land, Mercury, Pollution
Minerals
Gold
Region
Latin America & Caribbean
Country
Colombia
Last Updated
July 28, 2020