The State of Artisanal Mining in Myanmar

Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in Myanmar provides a livelihood for a minimum of 500,000 ASM workers who are directly employed in the sector, and this economic activity supports an estimated 3-5 million people. In 2018, with funding from the Trafigura Foundation, Pact conducted a study of ASM in Myanmar to investigate conditions and challenges in the sector, and to determine opportunities to support development in the sector. This included inquiry into the use of mercury in artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM), which is widespread in Myanmar, in order to determine how Pact could support safer mining practices in the ASGM subsector. The study was undertaken using multiple quantitative and qualitative research methods including field visits (to Homalin Township in Sagaing Region), key informant interviews, focus group discussions, a livelihood survey, and thorough desk-based literature review.

Additional Info

Author(s)
D Mcfarlane, R Villalobos
Publication Year
2019
Language
English
Publishing Institution Webpage
https://www.pactworld.org/
Data Source Classification
Program Report
Research Type
Both
Research Methodology
Primary - INTERVIEW, Primary - OBSERVATION, Secondary - PREVIOUS RESEARCH, Secondary - OFFICIAL STATISTICS, Other
Thematic Tags
Political, Formalization, Governance, Supply Chains, Economic, Access to Markets, Business Models, Export, Government Revenue, Income, Local Content, Market Linkages, Social, Child Labor, Community, Employment, Gender, Health and Safety, Human Rights, Labor and Working Conditions, Livelihoods, Technological, Education and Training, Equipment, Extraction, Legal, Land Rights, Laws and Regulations, Licensing, Mineral Rights, Tax, Environmental, Deforestation, Degradation, Land, Mercury, Pollution, Waste Management, Water
Minerals
Development Minerals, Gemstones, Gold
Region
East Asia & Pacific
Country
Myanmar
Last Updated
January 10, 2020