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Scoping Study Report in Sawahlunto West Sumatera, Indonesia

The ultimate objective of this scoping study is to provide an overview of the current conditions, challenges that the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) or Pertambangan Skala Kecil/ PSK communities are facing during the pandemic and the possible interventions at the targeted locations of Sawahlunto - West Sumatra. The expected outcome of this project is to increase the organizational and financial capacity of ASM communities to be resilient during the pandemic period. The beneficiaries are selected individuals from the previous project (EGPS Phase 1 Echoing the Voices: Participatory Video and Picture Capturing the Impact of COVID-19 on Women and Youth in ASM) and local government officials. The involvement of the government representatives in this project aims to build local ownership to ensure sustainability. The study was conducted in the 2nd week of December 2021, employing methodologies of Focus Group Discussion (FGD), direct interviews to the key actors and government consultations. The targeted ASM communities in Sawahlunto is divided into 2 groups; coal scavengers (Mulung Baro) who reside in Karang Anyar Village and gold miners who reside in Taratak Bancah Village. Six women miners from Karang Anyar, 3 male youth miners and 6 female miners from Taratak Bancah actively participated in a one-day FGD sesson. The result from consultations with the local government officials include Head of Mayor of Sawahlunto and Department Head of Industry, Trade, Cooperative and Small Micro Medium Enterprise were also significant highlights of this report. This scoping study revealed the targeted ASM communities in Sawahlunto have stopped their mining activities during the pandemic for several reasons, including the plunging price of ASM products that lead to the highly competition of job in the mine site. Thus, it has limited opportunities for women to be involved in the activities. The ongoing legal issues of artisanal gold mining in Taratak Bancah Village also was identified as another factor that limited access to the mine site especially for women & youth gold miners.

Additional Info

Publication Year
Associated Partners
World Bank
Publishing Institution Webpage
Data Source Classification
Program Report
Research Type
Research Methodology
Thematic Tags
Political, Formalization, Governance, Supply Chains, Economic, Income, Value Addition, Social, Community, Employment, Gender, Health and Safety, Labor and Working Conditions, Livelihoods, Technological, Education and Training, Legal, Laws and Regulations, Licensing, COVID-19
Coal, Gold
East Asia & Pacific
Last Updated
August 5, 2022