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Madini Project: Advocating for an improved enabling environment for the production, trade and export of OECD Due Diligence Guidance (DDG)-conformant minerals from eastern DRC

As part of the Madini project, a review of the current situation, trends and barriers in the production, trade and export of tin, tantalum, tungsten (3T) and gold from eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was conducted by Levin Sources, with the aim to recommend concrete actions that can improve OECD-conformant sourcing of these minerals from eastern DRC. The link between the exploitation of natural resources and protracted conflict in (eastern) DRC has long been of international concern. To avoid that resource exploitation would finance conflict, promote illicit trade and be linked to severe human rights abuses, increasingly more guidelines – such as the OECD Due Diligence Guidance – legislation – such as the US Dodd-Frank Act (2010) or the 2021 EU Minerals Regulation 2017/821 -, regional regulation schemes – such as the ICGLR’s Regional Certification Mechanism – and responsible supply chain mechanisms – such as the ITSCI traceability scheme for 3T minerals – have been put in place over the past decade. However, trends point towards a growing consensus that these compliance-only approaches have resulted in high-levels of disengagement with or boycotting of conflict-affected and high-risk areas (CAHRAs) such as eastern DRC, resulting in loss of livelihoods for mining communities and pushing small-scale actors into the informal sector.

Additional Info

Author(s)
Adam Rolfe, Olivia Lyster
Publication Year
2021
Associated Partners
EurAc, International Alert, IPIS, Justice Plus, OGP DRC
Language
English
Publishing Institution Webpage
https://ipisresearch.be
Data Source Classification
Program Report
Research Type
Secondary
Research Methodology
Primary - INTERVIEW, Secondary - PREVIOUS RESEARCH, Secondary - OFFICIAL STATISTICS
Thematic Tags
Political, Due Diligence, Traceability, and Transparency, Social, Human Rights, Livelihoods
Minerals
3Ts, Gold
Region
Sub-Saharan Africa
Country
Democratic Republic of Congo
Last Updated
September 8, 2022