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Formalizing artisanal mining ‘spaces’ in rural sub-Saharan Africa: The case of Niger

This paper contributes to the debate on the dynamics and impact of informal artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) – low-tech, labour-intensive mineral processing and extraction – in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on the case of Niger. The analysis draws on findings from interviews carried out with government officials in Niger's capital, Niamey, and artisanal miners in two of the country’s major artisanal gold-producing localities, Komabangou and M’Banga. Since it has gone virtually unexamined in the literature, Niger provides fresh perspectives on ASM’s informality in sub-Saharan Africa, a discussion which is rapidly gathering momentum in the region’s donor and development dialogues. Most of the moves taken to date to formalize and support ASM in the country have focused on the technical and financial aspects of the sector’s activities: emphasis has been placed on controlling the activity ad hoc, rather than proactively engaging and supporting operators.

Additional Info

Author(s)
Professor Gavin Hilson
Publication Year
2019
Language
English
Publishing Institution Webpage
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S026483771830735X
Data Source Classification
Academic Study
Research Type
Both
Research Methodology
Primary - INTERVIEW, Secondary - PREVIOUS RESEARCH, Secondary - OFFICIAL STATISTICS
Thematic Tags
Political, Formalization, Governance, Economic, Access to Markets, Income, Market Linkages
Minerals
Gold
Region
Sub-Saharan Africa
Country
Niger
Last Updated
July 30, 2020