2020 State of the ASM Sector Report Learn about artisanal and small-scale mining's contribution to Sustainable Development Goal 8 in our new report

Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining and Agriculture: Exploring their links in Sub-Saharan Africa

In sub-Saharan Africa, artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) employs tens of millions of people directly. Most of the region’s ASM activities are informal because registration is often costly and bureaucratic. The resulting illegality, along with the sector’s numerous social ills and environmental impacts, has overshadowed its importance, in particular how many subsistence farmers now rely on ASM for their disposable incomes. This paper explores the links and symbiosis between ASM and subsistence farming in sub-Saharan Africa, and suggests ways in which to harness more effectively the former’s ‘livelihoods’ dimension in policy.

Additional Info

G. Hilson
Publication Year
Publishing Institution Webpage
Research Type
Sub-Saharan Africa
Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
Last Updated
July 16, 2019