Raphael's is a PhD student at the University of British Columbia. His research is inscribed in the subfield of mining anthropology and explores the impacts that extractive industries hold on local communities. He studies the role of Congolese artisanal miners in the cobalt industry and their integration in global markets, particularly in the battery manufacturing sector. He is also the Minerals Program Associate at Responsible Sourcing Network (RSN) where he is the lead author of Mining the Disclosures 2017, 2018 and 2019, and focuses on project development on artisanal mining research. Raphael worked for RCS Global Group on minerals supply chains and performs cobalt audits in the DRC, Global Witness in Washington D.C. focusing on Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act and supported a Congolese NGO involved in indigenous rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). He is now expert consultant on OECD projects as well as the EU Commission's work on ASM. Raphael holds an MA in International Relations from Sciences Po Lyon, an MA in African Studies from Stanford University, and LLM in African Legal Studies from Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and an MA in Anthropology from the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS).