COVID-19 Impact on ASM News about how COVID-19 is affecting artisanal and small scale mining in the world


Having reduced in significance from the 1970s onwards, the past decade has seen Uganda’s mining industry grow significantly in terms of production, share of GDP, and employment. The sector is dominated by ASM activities, which mainly exploit ores of gold, tin, and tungsten. A recent baseline study that included development minerals such as stone aggregate, marble, sand, and clay for the first time, doubled the estimated number of people working in Uganda’s ASM sector from 200,000 to over 400,000.

Lake Bunyonyi, Uganda
Photo by Random Institute on Unsplash

Key Minerals Mined by ASM

Cassiterite • Coltan • Dimension Stones • Gold • Kaolin • Limestone • Pozzolanic Ash • Salt • Sand • Stone Aggregate • Tungsten

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Data Collection Partner: Levin Sources


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Production Value (USD) by Mineral

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Production Weight (KG) by Mineral

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Uganda ASM Employment by Gender per Mineral (2017)

In Uganda, women are predominantly employed in the mining and processing of development minerals such as salt (73%), stone (70%), and limestone (47%). As an overall measure of the gender employment split for the ASM sector in Uganda, women comprise almost half.

Data Source: UNDP 2018 Vol.1

Percentage calculated by Delve from gender employment data in UNDP 2018 (Vol. 1) [Table 9: Estimated Direct Employment and Incomes in ASM Development Minerals Production in Uganda (2017)]. See Box 2 (pg. 29) in UNDP 2018 (Vol. 1) for explanation of how estimates were derived
Represented as gender by percentage per mineral for comparability across minerals. See UNDP 2018 (Vol. 1) for employment values.

Uganda Mineworkers Income by Gender (2017)

In terms of annual earnings, for certain minerals such as sand, stone aggregate and limestone women and men earn approximately the same. But in most cases in Uganda, and in an overall total comparison for select minerals, women’s annual income is less than their male counterparts.

Data Source: UNDP 2018 Vol.1

Mineworker Income by Gender data from UNDP 2018 (Vol. 1) [Table 9: Estimated Direct Employment and Incomes in ASM Development Minerals Production in Uganda (2017)]. Please note that the mineworkers’ incomes presented here are only those earned directly from mining. Given the high levels of reliance on supplementary incomes from other livelihoods amongst the ASM population in Uganda, actual total income per capita may be much higher. See Section on Livelihoods Diversification for more information [UNDP 2018 (Vol. 1)]

Uganda ASM Employment by Gender and Region (2008)

Regionally in Uganda, the gender split of percentage women and men working in ASM is roughly equal. However, in Western, Central and Karamoja regions the percentage of women in ASM versus men is higher, this could be due to different types of minerals being extracted in these areas and/or socio-cultural reasons.

Data Source: MEMD 2009, EARF 2018

Percentage calculated by Delve from gender employment data in EARF 2018 (Table 3: Formal and estimated informal employment in selected ASM segments in 2008 citing MEMD 2009). See EARF 2018 for employment by gender and region values.
Represented as gender by percentage per region for comparability across regions.

Uganda ASM Development Minerals Employment 2008-2017

The number of people working in ASM in every development mineral (except sand) has increased over thr past decade from 2008 to 2017, with most people mining stone aggregate and clay.

Data Source: MEMD 2009, UNDP 2018 Vol.1

ASM employment for select minerals based on two data sources [MEMD 2009, UNDP 2018 (Vol. 1)]


The data presented in this Version 1 of the Delve platform are from secondary sources and reflect data availability on the ASM sector. All data, countries and minerals are not yet represented. Data will be added on an ongoing basis as the global data gap on ASM continues to be filled. Visualizations created with under a Creative Commons (CC) Attribution-NonCommercial license.

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