COVID-19 Impact on ASM News about how COVID-19 is affecting artisanal and small scale mining in the world


India is one of the countries globally that has substantial ASM activity. The importance of ASM in India is in the variety and geographical spread of mineral and material availability, quality, and production, as well as the significant number of people, both women and men, laboring in the small-scale mines and quarries.

Read more in the State of the Sector 2019 Country Profile: India

Ramu, Artisanal Diamond Miner, Panna, Madhya Pradesh State, India
Photograph by Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt

Key Minerals Mined by ASM



Data Source:

ASM Employment in India

Estimates for ASM employment in India vary greatly from 500,000 to 15 million depending on which metals and minerals are counted and how the passages in the literature are interpreted. An often quoted figure is 12 million for quarrying alone but this appears to have been taken out of its original context. More clarification and better data is needed.

Data Source: Noetstaller WB (1989), Jennings ILO (1999), Chakravorty MMSD (2001), Lahiri-Dutt 2012, Seccatore et al 2014


The data presented in this Version 1 of the Delve platform are from secondary sources and reflect data availability on the ASM sector. All data, countries and minerals are not yet represented. Data will be added on an ongoing basis as the global data gap on ASM continues to be filled. Visualizations created with under a Creative Commons (CC) Attribution-NonCommercial license.

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